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Fleas are the most common problem that pet owners have.  Few pests can arouse anger in people as easily as fleas. Their bites are painful and they are hard to catch and squash. They cause extreme discomfort to many pets. The common species of flea found on both dogs and cats is the Cat Flea (Ctenocephalides felis).

The Flea Life Cycle
Adult fleas represent only two percent of the flea population. The other ninety eight percent of the population are found in the animal's surroundings.

Adult fleas feed and mate within 24 hours. They then lay eggs 36-48 hours after that. The female flea can lay up to 500 eggs, usually in batches of 5-15. Adult fleas live for up to four months. They are laterally compressed bodies, their legs are adapted for jumping and they have piercing and sucking mouthparts. The newly hatched flea is small and black, feeding for two to three days before becoming brown and fully engorged. Unfed adult fleas may live up to 3 months in high humidity and 9-14 days in dry conditions.

Flea eggs are small and shiny and are mostly laid when pets are still or asleep. The eggs fall out of the animal's coat and into the environment into predictable areas, such as bedding, carpets, furniture etc. They normally hatch into larvae within 2 to 14 days. Vacuuming can remove up to 90% of flea eggs.

Flea larvae are legless but highly mobile. They move away from the light and down into the darker areas such as carpet pile and soil and sand. They eat organic matter including flea faeces, crumbs, human and animal skin scales etc. When
disturbed, larvae curl around carpet fibres therefore
vacuuming removes only 15-27% of larvae. Indoors they can be found in sheltered areas especially in carpets and mats away from traffic. Outdoors larvae can be found in shaded moist spots where the animal would normally rest. Larvae pupate usually within 9-15 days in ideal conditions.

Pupae are sticky silken cocoons. They attract dust and debris from their surroundings making them difficult to detect.
Pupae are highly resistant to chemicals and may lay dormant for up to two years if left undisturbed. Vibrations, pressure, warm temperatures and carbon dioxide trigger emergence of the adult flea.




TROVAN MICROCHIP IMPLANTS: Your best chance for reunion. Will your pet become another unclaimed stray??

Many dogs and cats "stray" each year, and are needlessly put to sleep because their identification tags or collars are lost, damaged or simply not worn.

By law, all dogs must be registered with your local municipality and should carry an identification tag or collar. Even if your dog carries a current registration tag, on weekends, public holidays or out of normal business hours, tracing YOU, the owner, can be difficult.

Now there is a way of identifying all your pets (dogs, cats, birds, horses, fish etc.) permanently, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

The answer - the identity tag, silicon microchip implant.

Your veterinarian can implant this tiny Trovan "chip" (size of a rice grain), painlessly into your pet without the need for clipping, sedation or anaesthetic. It is often performed in consultation along with other routine procedures such as vaccination.

The chip carries a unique number that is linked to your name, phone number and pet description at Central Animal Records. When lost, your pet is simply scanned with a special electronic device that displays on its screen, the microchip number. This number is then quoted to the Central Animal Records office at any time, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week on a toll free number. After quoting a special security number to the computer operator, your name and phone number can be found and the happy reunion effected!

Ask your vet for details, the next time you are there.

Zena & Tristan - mother and son having a well earned rest